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The Cardan or marine compass is a nautical instrument whose use was fundamental in the development of navigation and cartography.
New types of compasses were devised because the rock and pitch of a vessel make ordinary compasses useless. Ship compasses were mounted in a Cardan suspension, which allowed them to remain constantly level.
The compass went through few modifications until the 19th century, when scientists, engineers and navigators improved it notably.
Height: 58mm / Diameter: 100mm
Height: 2.36 inches / Width: 3.94 inches